Dr. Zadoc and Madame Zadoc Porter – New York

Dr. Zadoc and Madame Zadoc Porter – New York

Dr. Zadoc Porter’s Medicated Stomach Bitters

17 October 2018

In separate bitters folders I had clippings for Porter’s Bitters and another file for Zadoc’s Bitters. I thought I would wait for a rainy day (it has rained on and off for days here now) to do a little research on both.

I have now combined the files into one file named “Dr. Zadoc Porter’s Medicated Stomach Bitters.” Zadoc Porter operated out of New York City and also sold Dr. Porter’s Sugar Pills and called himself “Mr Porter, The Great Benefactor.” His sugar-coated pills sold for 6 cents a box and were far easier to swallow than the crude and often horrid-tasting concoctions prepared by physicians. These pills were given their large-scale introduction into American dosage by patent medicine men such as Zadoc Porter. Likewise, his Medicated Bitters sold for 6 cents a bottle and 12 cents for a dozen.

Dr. Zodac Porter was a quack physician who pictured himself and his wife in distinguished Quacker garb on their advertising. I also added material for his wife who was Madame Zadoc Porter. Her specialty was “Madame Zadoc Porter’s Great Cough Remedy” and “Madame Zadoc Porter’s Balsam.” This all came together visually and was inspired from the fine advertising print from the Library of Congress at the top of this post.

Dr. Zadoc Porter started his medicine business in New York City in 1838 or so. By 1841, Madame Zadoc was pitching her medicines. In many cases they both were using the same advertising to hawk their products. They were addressed at Morse Street, No. 1 Chatham Square (pictured below).

This chaotic street 1853–55 Daguerreotype scene shows Chatham Street, now Park Row, from below its intersection with Pearl Street, northeast to Chatham Square – The Metropolitan Museum of Art

In 1856, Hall & Ruckel were the proprietors. They were located at 218 Greenwich, in New York City. By 1891, Ruckel & Hendel, located at 58 Barclay Street in New York were selling the Porter brand. In 1919, Hall & Ruckel was located at 215 Washington Street in New  York. Advertising stated that they were the proprietors of and sole agents for medicinal preparations, toilet articles, etc.; specialties: “Sozodont,” “Sozodont Tooth Powder,” “Sozodont Tooth Paste,” “Spalding’s Glue,” “Madam Porter’s Cough Balsam,” “Dr. Zadoc Porter’s Bitters,” “Olive Tar,” “Mitchell’s Eye Salve,” “Sargent’s Sozoderma Soap,” “X. Bazin’s Shaving Cream,” and other X. Bazin’s toilet preparations. They had foreign agents Fassett & Johnson, in London, England; Lyman’s, Ltd., Montreal, Canada; Daube & Co., Valparaiso, Chile; A. J. Colven, Buenos Aires, Argentina. The Porter products were sold as late as 1823.

The Carlyn Ring and W.C. Ham listing in Bitters Bottles is as follows:

P 126  Zadoc Porter’s Medicated Stomach Bitters
L… The Zodac (sic) Porter Medicated Stomach Bitters
DR PORTER / NEW YORK // sp // // f // sp //
Hall & Rucker, London, New York, Paris
7 5/8 x 2 1/2 x 1 1/2 (5 1/4) 1/4
Rectangular, Aqua , NSC, Tooled Lip, 3 sp
“Zadoc” spelling correction in BBS2 required

Embossed aqua 6 5/8″ DR PORTER’S// NEW YORK bottle – Vermont Medicines

Labeled The Zadoc Porter Medicated Bitters bottle, Hull & Ruckel, New York – American Bottle Auctions

Select Listings:

1845: Madame Zadoc Porter’s Great Cough Remedy and Balsam created.
1845: Below: Mr. Zadoc Porter, great great grand uncle of Dr. Porter, 1845, Part of wood engraved advertisement. Porter was a patent medicine man of the 1840s. – Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.

1854: Newspaper advertisement (below) for Dr. Zadoc Porter’s Bitters  – Hartford Courant, Friday, June 16, 1854

1863: Newspaper advertisement (below) for Madame Zadoc Porter’s Great Cough Remedy and Balsam. Only 13 Cents per Bottle. In use for over Eighteen Years, Hall & Ruckel, N.Y. Proprietors – The Berkshire County Eagle, Thursday, May 21, 1863

1865: Large advertisement (top of post) for Dr. Porter’s Medicated Bitters, Prepared by Dr. Porter, New York – Library of Congress
1891: Large advertisement (above) for both Madam Zadoc Porter’s Curative Cough Balsam, Fifty Years in Use and Dr. Porter’s Medicated Stomach Bitters, Ruckel & Hendel, 58 Barclay St., New York – Judge’s Annual, Issues 2-6, 1891
1898: Zodac (sic) Porter’s Bitters Formula (below) – Practical Druggist and Pharmaceutical Review of Reviews, Volumes 1-4_1898

1919: Hall & Ruckel, 215 Washington street, New York. Proprietors of and sole agents for medicinal preparations, toilet articles, etc.; specialties: “Sozodont,” “Sozodont Tooth Powder,” “Sozodont Tooth Paste,” “Spalding’s Glue,” “Madam Porter’s Cough Balsam,” Dr. Zadoc Porter’s Bitters,” “Olive Tar,” “Mitchell’s Eye Salve,” “Sargent’s Sozoderma Soap,” “X. Bazin’s Shaving Cream,” and other X. Bazin’s toilet preparations. Foreign agents: Fassett & Johnson, London, England; Lyman’s, Ltd., Montreal, Canada; Daube & Co., Valparaiso, Chile; A. J. Colven, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Cable address, “Sozodont,” New York. Codes, ABC, Lieber’s and Western Union. – American Trade Index, 1919
1923: Newspaper advertisement (below) for Madame Zodac (sic) Porter Cough Balsam. Hall & Ruckel, N.Y. Manufacturers – West Schuylkill Herald, Friday, November 16, 1923

Posted in Advertising, Bitters, Druggist & Drugstore, History, Medicines & Cures, Remedy | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

A. Lambert Bitters – Philadelphia

A. Lambert Bitters – Philadelphia

14 October 2018

Nick Downs posted some great pictures of an “A. Lambert’s Bitters Philada” cylinder from Philadelphia over on the Antique Bitters Bottles Facebook page. His pictures are below. I cropped away the background on the two hand-held pictures. The bottle image on the top is from a past Norman C. Hecker Auction, I believe. Nick wrote the following with the pictures;

Here is an exceptional example of this exceedingly rare colored pontiled bitters bottle from Philadelphia. It is boldly and crisply embossed “A. LAMBERT’S BITTERS PHILADa” and comes in a beautiful shade of yellowish olive green. It is absolutely loaded with bubbles and sports a large full iron pontil mark on it’s base. The applied top is slightly off center and large for the size of the neck adding great eye appeal. And to make this bottle even better it is a attic example and was never buried or cleaned. It does have a thin coating of dried contents which I’m sure could be washed out. Also dry remnants of cork on the inside of the lip. It is virtually mint with a tiny rough tooling mark on the bottom portion of the applied collar (done during the tooling of the collar and very tiny mentioned for accuracy). There are also several very small onion skin open bubbles on the surface. No chips, cracks, or potstones. After doing much research and speaking with other collectors I believe there are only 2 or 3 of these iron pontiled variants known with one being sold in 1995 then again in 2010. The smooth based variant is also extremely rare. $5,950 includes shipping and insurance along with satisfaction guarantee. PM for questions.

I now see the bottle is listed on Ebay.

The Carlyn Ring and W.C. Ham listing in Bitters Bottles is as follows:

L5.5  Lambert’s Bitters
11 x 2 3/4 (6)
Round, Olive amber, LTCR, Applied mouth, With and without Metallic pontil mark
Extremely rare

Augustus Lambert

Augustus Lambert was born in Germany in either 1826 or 1827. It looks like he came to America alone as I can find no other family members. He could have been located in Baltimore in the 1850s.

Philadelphia, circa 1860n  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

There is no definitive proof that Augustus Lambert is the “A. Lambert” embossed on the bottle though he is the only “A” listing in the 1860-1865 time period in Philadelphia. It has to be him as he started out in the hotel and restaurant business around 1860 while importing liquor and wines at 422 Race Street (see map below). In 1863, his restaurant was called the Steam Oyster Saloon. We last see him at SW 4th & Library, in Philadelphia, selling liquor in 1864. He drops off the radar after that.

Area within red square is 422 Race Street. Race Street is a major east-west street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that runs parallel to Arch Street. It was one of William Penn’s original gridded streets from the 1680s though named Sassafras Street. – 1860 Mitchell’s Street Map of Philadelphia

As an aside, there are listings for an Ann Lambert selling liquors on Lancaster Avenue in Philadelphia around 1872. Had it been Ann representing the “A” on the bottle, we may have had our earliest female-owned bitters.

This extremely rare bottle would have been blown at the Dyottville Glassworks in Philadelphia. It would have been loaded with alcohol and probably had little or no medicinal attributes. There are only a few examples known, they are olive amber, have applied mouths and can be found with and without a metallic pontil mark.

Select Listings:

1826: Augustus Lambert, Birth Year: abt 1826.
1860: Augustus Lambert, Hotel, Age: 33, Birth Year: abt 1827, Birth Place: Germany, Home in 1860: Philadelphia Ward 6 Division 2, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Post Office: Philadelphia, Dwelling Number: 523, Personal Estate Value: 1000 – 1860 United States Federal Census
1861: Augustus Lambert, Hotel & Importer of Wines, 422 Race – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania City Directory, 1861
1862: Augustus Lambert, Restaurant, 422 Race – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania City Directory, 1862
1863: August Lambert, Steam Oyster Saloon, SW 4th & Library, h 130 Congress – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania City Directory, 1863
1863: August Lambert, Birth Year: abt 1826, Age: 37, Residence Year: 1863, Residence Place: Philadelphia Ward 4, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – Pennsylvania, Septennial Census, 1779-1863
1864: August Lambert, Liquors, SW 4th & Library, h 130 Congress – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania City Directory, 1864
1872: Ann Lambert, Liquors, Lancaster Avenue n N 44 h (husband Charles) – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania City Directory, 1872
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Harry Johnson’s 1882 Bartender’s Manual

Harry Johnson’s 1882 Bartender’s Manual

13 October 2018

It was interesting to come across and read online the New and Improved Illustrated Bartender’s Manual or How to Mix Drinks of the Present Style. It was published in New York City in 1882 by Harry Johnson who was a professional bartender. The manual was printed in English and German by Samisch & Goldmann and sold for 50 cents. I pulled out a few illustrations here though you can read cover-to-cover here. READ

[Wikipedia] Harry Johnson was an American bartender who owned and operated saloons across the United States in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. He is best known for the New and Improved Bartenders’ Manual, an influential book that contained many original cocktail recipes, as well as the first written recipes of such cocktails as the marguerite and a version of the martini. Perhaps even more importantly, it was the first book to offer bar management instructions. Johnson opened the first ever consulting agency for bar management. Imbibe magazine has called him one of the most influential cocktail personalities of the last 100 years,  and he has been called “the father of professional bartending”.

Johnson was born in Prussia. A sailor, he was left by his ship in San Francisco in 1861 to recover from a broken arm and hip. Starting as a kitchen-boy in the Union Hotel, he worked his way up to bartender and then manager. It was in San Francisco that he first met Jerry Thomas, his rival, whose work he would continue.

After eight years, Johnson moved to Chicago and opened a bar of his own, which became very successful. Now a celebrity, Johnson gave lectures and wrote articles and recipes for local newspapers. In 1869, he claimed that he had challenged the five best American bartenders in New Orleans and won, becoming “the champion of the United States.” No other source confirms this, though.

When his bar burned in the Great Chicago Fire in 1871, Johnson went to New York City. In 1877, he bought Little Jumbo, a bar where Thomas used to work. Upon hearing that, the Professor publicly renounced any association with the bar. Their rivalry peaked in 1880, when Thomas threw a bowl of Tom and Jerry on the floor of Johnson’s bar, calling him an amateur because that drink should only be served when the temperature drops below zero.

In 1890, Johnson decided to retire from bartending and opened a bar management consulting agency, thereby becoming the first bar consultant in history.

His New and Improved Bartender’s Manual, or How to Mix Drinks in the Present Style was published in 1882. The manual provided hundreds of cocktail recipes. However, what made it seminal were its detailed instructions on how to become a proper bartender, such as: “The opening of a new place”, “How ale and porter should be drawn”, “Hints about training a boy to the business”, “Handing bar-spoons to customers”, “To keep ants and other insects out of mixing bottles” etc.

The book contained the first written recipes of such cocktails as the bijou (invented by Johnson), the marguerite (in the 1900 edition), and a version of the martini (in the 1888 edition). The invention of the martini was sometimes wrongly attributed to him – or to Thomas.

Johnson claimed to have written and published an earlier edition, in 1860. If true, it would be the first cocktail guide ever published, pre-dating Thomas’s The Bartender’s Guide by two years. However, no copies of the book have been found.

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Red Cross Bitters

Red Cross Bitters

13 October 2018

Here is a really cool, circa 1870, patent medicine label (below) that the Library of Congress is holding for William B. Dorman’s Original Red Cross Bitters. Pictured is a crusader in armor with a red cross on the shield. The New England Lithography Company in Boston printed the piece.

In heraldry, Saint George’s Cross, also called the Cross of Saint George, is a red cross, usually on a white background, which from the Late Middle Ages became associated with Saint George, the military saint, often depicted as a crusader.

William Barnes Doorman was born on 20 April 1835 in Boxford, Massachusetts. His father was William H. Dorman and his mother was Sarah Barnes. They were married on 19 April 1832 and lived in Boxford, which was a small town north of Boston.

We first see records of William B. Dorman, noting his occupation as a painter, when he enlisted, at age 28, on 01 December 1863, for the Civil War. He was noted as a Private in Company C, Massachusetts 59th Infantry Regiment on 14 January 1864 and mustered out on 13 January 1865. During this time he was promoted to Full Hospital Steward. This must have been his introduction to medicine.

Next we find an agreement of a bill of sale from Benjamin. S. Dodge to William B. Dorman, dated 04 September1867 where Dodge assigns and conveys to Dorman the right to manufacture and sell the famous Atwood Bitters medicines for the term of five years. A nice lead-in to Dorman’s own bitters.

In 1870, we see the patent medicine label for his Red Cross Bitters. He is listed in U.S. census records that year as a retail druggist located on Main Street in Georgetown, Massachusetts which is due north of Boxford and Boston.

By 1880, we see the addition of perfumer and chemist to his druggist occupation and he was operating out of Boston. He would continue with his retail trade up until 1895 or so. Dorman would die on 13 April 1913 in Everett, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

This bitters appears to be unlisted. I am not aware of any examples.

Select Listings:

1835: William Barnes Dorman, Birth, 23 April 1835, Boxford, Massachusetts, Fathers Name: William H Dorman, Mothers Name: Sarah Dorman – Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988
1863: William B Dorman, Occupation: Painter, Age at Enlistment: 28, Enlistment Date: 1 Dec 1863, Rank at enlistment: Private, State Served: Massachusetts, Survived the War: Yes, Service Record: Enlisted in Company C, Massachusetts 59th Infantry Regiment on 14 Jan 1864. Mustered out on 13 June 1865. Promoted to Full Hospital Steward. Birth Date: abt 1835, Sources: Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the Civil War Dept of Massachusetts 1866-1947 (Sargent)
1867: Agreement of bill of sale from Benj. 8. Dodge to W’m. B. Dorman, dated Sept. 4, 1867. Memorandum of an agreement made this fourth day of September, A. D. 1867, between Benjamin S. Dodge, of Rowley, in the county of Essex and commonwealth of Massachusetts, and William B. Dorman, of Georgetown, in said county. [Records and Briefs of the United States Supreme Court, Volume 108, 1879]
First. The said Dodge hereby assigns and conveys to said Dorman the right to manufacture and sell Atwood’s [Bitters] Medicines, so called, for the term of five years from the date aforesaid, and to use the trade-marks he has heretofore used in the sale of said [bitters] medicines.
Second. The said Dorman agrees to give and deliver to said Dodge one-twelfth of all the Atwood’s [Bitters] Medicines he shall manufacture during said term, or pay said Dodge the value of one-twelfth in money.
Third. It is agreed that said Dodge may at any time become jointly interested with said Dorman in the manufacture and sale of said [bitters] medicines, by furnishing one-half of the capital; and in such a case each shall have an equal share of the profits and bear an equal part of the losses.
Fourth. If the said Dorman before the expiration of said term shall wish to cease to manufacture and sell said [bitters] medicines, he shall have that privilege on giving said Dodge notice of the same, and then all rights hereby conveyed shall revert to said Dodge.
Fifth. During the continuance of said term said Dodge shall have no right to manufacture said [bitters] medicines, unless a notice from said Dorman that he has ceased to manufacture them be received by said Dodge.
B. S. DODGE. Agent.  W. B. DORMAN. 
Executed and delivered in the presence of Caroline L. Dodge.
1870: Patent medicine label for William B. Dorman’s Original Red Cross Bitters – Library of Congress
1870: William B. Dorman, Retail Druggist, Age in 1870: 35, Birth Year: abt 1835, Birthplace: Massachusetts, Dwelling Number: 226, Home in 1870: Georgetown, Essex, Massachusetts, Inferred Spouse: Mary H Dorman, Household Members: William B Dorman 35, Mary H Dorman 19, Charles H Dorman 2, William E Dorman 1, Sarah B Dorman 59 – 1870 United States Federal Census
1870: William B Dorman, Druggist, Main Street, Essex, Massachusetts – Essex, Massachusetts, City Directory, 1870
1880: William B. Dorman, Druggist Perfume, Age: 45, Birth Date: Abt 1835, Birthplace: Massachusetts, Home in 1880: Georgetown, Essex, Massachusetts, Dwelling Number: 359, Spouse’s Name: Mary H. Dorman, Father’s Birthplace: Massachusetts, Mother’s name: Sarah B. Dorman, Mother’s Birthplace: Massachusetts, Household Members: William B. Dorman 45, Mary H. Dorman 29, Charles C. Dorman 12, William E. Dorman 10 – 1880 United States Federal Census
1890: William B. Dorman, Manager, 204 Federal, Residence: at Malden, Boston, Massachusetts – Boston, Massachusetts, City Directory, 1890
1895: William B Dorman, Perfumer, 206 Federal, Boston, Massachusetts – Boston, Massachusetts, City Directory, 1895
1900: William B Dorman, Chemist, Age: 65, Birth Date: Apr 1835, Birthplace: Massachusetts, Home in 1900: Malden Ward 5, Middlesex, Massachusetts, Ward of City: 5 Precinct 2, Street: Hyde, House Number: 5, Sheet Number: 15, Marital Status: Married, Spouse’s Name: Mary H Dorman, Marriage Year: 1866, Father’s Birthplace: Massachusetts, Mother’s Birthplace: Massachusetts, Household Members: Chas Dorman 32, Ella M Dorman 30, William B Dorman 65, Mary H Dorman 49, Florence M Dorman 16, Edward S Dorman 13 – 19o0 United States Federal Census
1910: William B Dorman, Age in 1910: 75, Birth Year: abt 1835, Birthplace: Massachusetts, Home in 1910: Everett Ward 6, Middlesex, Massachusetts, Street: Linden Street, Father’s Birthplace: Massachusetts, Mother’s Birthplace: Massachusetts, Native Tongue: English, Household Members: Ira F Martin 49, Gertrude Martin 31, Florence Martin 7, William B Dorman 75 – 1910 United States Federal Census
1913: Pvt William Barnes Dorman, Birth Date: 20 Apr 1835, Birth Place: Boxford, Essex County, Massachusetts, Death Date, 13 Apr 1913, Death Place: Everett, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Cemetery: Harmony Cemetery, Burial or Cremation Place: Georgetown, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States of America – U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current
Posted in Bitters, Druggist & Drugstore, History | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Looking at Spanish Bitters

Looking at Spanish Bitters

12 October 2018

The Library of Congress holds this great advertising patent proof lithograph label for Gainer’s Celebrated Spanish Bitters (above) being transported by a passenger train, steamboat and horses and wagon emblazoned with the product name. A product sign is even on the river railing. I started searching for information online and found a few other Spanish Bitters. Let’s take a quick look at them starting off with the Gainers. They are all extremely rare, some unlisted.

Gainer’s Celebrated Spanish Bitters

Close inspection of the advertising proof (top) for Gainer’s Celebrated Spanish Bitters reveals hand writing on the right side of the print. The copy reads, “No. 179, Filed March 4, 1868 by J.W. Gainer, Prop(rietor). You can see his initials in the decorative frame corners. The super fine print beneath the red horizontal base line reads something like, “at Congress in the Year 1868 by J.W. Gainer in the Clerks Office of the District Court at the Eastern District of Pa.” With this information, I can find a listing for James W. Gainer, Bitters located at 806 N. 19th, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in a 1868 Philadelphia, City Directory. That is about it. No bottles or any other direct support material. Just a blip, albeit big one, on the bitters radar.

The Carlyn Ring and W.C. Ham listing in Bitters Bottles is as follows:

J.W. Gainer, Proprietor, Eastern Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)
Patent No. 179, dated March 4, 1868

Select Notes:

1866: J.W.Gainer, Gold Watch, 806 N 19th, Pennsylvania – U.S. IRS Tax Assessment
1871: John W. Gainer, Liquors, 806 N 19th, Philadelphia – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1867
1868: James W. Gainer, Bitters, 806 N 19th, Pennsylvania – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1868
1868: J W Gainer, 806 N 19th, Pennsylvania – Reilly´s Pennsylvania State Business Directory, 1868-69
1871: John W. Gainer, Liquors, 806 N 19th, Philadelphia – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1871

Garlichs’ Spanish Bitters

I found the newspaper advertisement below for Garlichs’ Spanish Bitters in the Albany Ledger on September 22, 1870. The bitters was manufactured by H.M. Garlichs in St. Joseph, Missouri and could be used for Costiveness, Fever and Ague, Dyspepsia, Intermittents, Female Diseases etc.

Herman Maximillian Garlichs was a well-known druggist in St. Joseph, Missouri from 1860 until his death in 1898. He was born on 09 October 1839 in Liberty, Clay County, Missouri and his parents were from Bavaria. He followed his father A.H. Garlichs, also a physician, in the drug business. They also both engaged in the foundry business, the firm being known as Monroe Iron Works. Garlichs was also a delegate to the St. Louis convention of the National Retail Druggists’ Association and was well known in St. Joseph as a financier and a figure in Democratic state politics.

In appearance, Garlichs was tall and spare, and his rather sharp features were accentuated by bis closely-cropped red beard and shaven upper lip. In 1870, he was advertising Garlichs Spanish Bitters. Why he chose this name, I have no clue. Maybe it was his red beard. I can find no bottles or any other direct support material.

Mr. Garlichs was found dead in his drug store on Seventh and Felix streets in St. Joseph from a hemorrhage of the lungs, shortly after 12 o’clock, noon on Christmas day in 1898, and died before a physician could reach his side. His son, Fred A.H. Garlichs would continue the drug store business and was also president of the St. Joseph Drug Co. in 1900.

This bitters appears to be unlisted.

Newspaper advertisement: Garlichs’ Spanish Bitters – Albany Ledger, Thursday, September 22, 1870

Herman Garlichs House, Femme Osage, St. Charles County, Missouri – Library of Congress

Death Notice for Herman M. Garlichs – St. Joseph Herald, Tuesday, December 27, 1898

Select Listings:

1839: Herman M. Garlichs birth, 9 October 1839. Liberty, Clay County, Missouri – Find a Grave
1850: Herman Garlichs [Herman Maximillian Garlichs] Age: 10 Birth Year: abt 1840 [9 Oct 1839] Birthplace: Missouri, Home in 1850: Platte, Clay, Missouri, Household Members: F A H Garlichs 37 Physician, Matildah Garlichs 19, Herman Garlichs 10, Oscar Garlichs 8, Clara Garlichs 6, Frederick Garlichs 4, Edwin Garlichs 2 – 1850 United States Federal Census
1863-65: Herman M. Garlichs, Druggist, – U.S. Civil War Draft Registration Records, Seventh Congressional District of the State of Missouri
1870: Herman Garlich, Drug Merchant, Age 30, Birth Year: abt 1840, Birthplace: Missouri, Dwelling Number: 312, Home in 1870: St Joesph Ward 3, Buchanan, Missouri, Inferred Spouse: Emma Garlich, Inferred Children: Fredrick Garlich, Household Members: Herman Garlich 30, Emma Garlich 25, Fredrick Garlich 4 – 1870 United States Federal Census
1878: Garlichs, Herman M., druggist, 3d, sw. cor. Felix, r. Felix, se. cor. 17th – Ballenger & Hoye’s Annual City Directory of the Inhabitants, Manufacturing Establishments, Business Firms, Etc. in the City of St. Joseph, Volume 3
1880: H. M. Garlichs, Druggist, Age: 40, Birth: Abt 1840, Birthplace: Missouri, Home in 1880: Saint Joseph, Buchanan, Missouri, 105 Seventeenth Street, Spouse’s: Minturn Garlichs, Father’s Birthplace: Bavaria, Mother’s Birthplace: Bavaria, Household Members: H. M. Garlichs 40, Minturn Garlichs 34, Fred Garlichs 13, Alice Garlichs 8 – 1880 United States Federal Census
1898: Herman M. Garlichs death, 25 Dec 1898 (aged 59), Mount Mora Cemetery, Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri – Find a Grave
1900: H M Garlichs Drug Store, Fred A.H. Garlichs Pres, (also Pres St. Joseph Drug Co.) James Norris Sec and Mgr, 701 Felix – St. Joseph, Missouri City Directory, 1900

Celebrated Spanish Bitters of Dr. Zavia

Here is another blip on the bitters radar for the Celebrated Spanish Bitters of Dr. Zavia which was advertised in the Carolinas for southern soldiers of the great Civil War. The Tomato or Tomatto is referenced so there is our connection to Spanish Bitters I suppose. Maybe the name Dr. Zavia too. I can find no information on him or any other material on the bitters. This bitters appears to be unlisted.

Newspaper advertisement: Celebrated Spanish Bitters of Dr. Zavia – The Evening Bulletin (Charlotte, North. Carolina), Saturday, April 26, 1862

Newspaper advertisement: Celebrated Spanish Bitters of Dr. Zavia – Washington Telegraph, Wednesday, May 21, 1862

Dr. P.C. Armstrong’s Celebrated Spanish Bitters 

Here is another Celebrated Spanish Bitters put out by P.C. Armstrong and S.C. McClain located at No. 38, corner of Fourth and Bridge Avenue in Camden, New Jersey. Very little information on the bitters and P.C. Armstrong other than the two ads below from 1866 and 1867 and an 1866 Tax Assessment noting that Armstrong was a physician. This bitters appears to be unlisted.

Newspaper advertisement: Dr. P.C. Armstrong’s Celebrated Spanish Bitters – The Philadelphia Inquirer, Thursday, March 8, 1866

Newspaper advertisement: Dr. P.C. Armstrong’s Celebrated Spanish Bitters – The Philadelphia Inquirer, Tuesday, October 8, 1867

Select Listings:

1866: P.C. Armstrong, Physician, 4th & Bridge Avenue, Camden, New Jersey – U.S. IRS Tax Assessment

Celebrated Spanish Bitters represented by Max Lichtenthal

Hard to tell by looking at the advertisement below what Spanish Bitters we are talking about, just that Max Lichtenthal was representing and possibly importing Celebrated Spanish Bitters in 1874 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Looks like he migrated west starting in New York and ending in San Francisco with stops in Santa Fe and Colorado. The name makes more sense here. Lichtenthal’s Spanish Bitters appears to be unlisted.

Newspaper advertisement: Celebrated Spanish Bitters represented by Max Lichtenthal – The Santa Fe, New Mexican, Thursday, December 31 1874

Select Listings:

1877: Max Lichtenthal, Liquors, Colorado – Colorado State Business Directory, 1877
1878: Max Lichtenthal, Wholesale Liquors, LiquorAgent, 409 Battery, San Francisco, California – San Francisco Directory, 1878

Posted in Advertising, Bitters, Druggist & Drugstore, History, Liquor Merchant, Medicines & Cures, Questions | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

PE-RU-NA For Catarrh – The Great American Fraud

PE-RU-NA For Catarrh – The Great American Fraud

08 October 2018

Yesterday, I put together a post on TO-NI-TA which reminded me of PE-RU-NA. Early 1900 fraudulent medicines with similar graphics treatment in their names, similar bottles, and the same time period.

Read: TO-NI-TA – Dr. Lorentz’s Mucous Membrane Bitters.

The top graphics in this post were found in the Library of Congress records and the bottle picture was submitted by Steve Ketcham. Next, I found this real interesting piece below in Collier’s Weekly from October 28, 1905 by Samuel Hopkins Adams. ⁠Peruna was put out by Dr. S. B. Hartman of Mishler’s Herb Bitters fame.

THE GREAT AMERICAN FRAUD: Articles on the Nostrum Evil and Quacks  (1907)

by Samuel Hopkins Adams

Reprinted from Collier’s Weekly, Oct. 28, 1905


⁠A distinguished public health official and medical writer once made this jocular suggestion to me:

⁠”Let us buy in large quantities the cheapest Italian vermouth, poor gin and bitters. We will mix them in the proportion of three of vermouth to two of gin, with a dash of bitters, dilute and bottle them by the short quart, label them ‘Smith’s Reviver and Blood Purifier; dose, one wineglassful before each meal’; advertise them to cure erysipelas, bunions, dyspepsia, heat rash, fever and agne, and consumption; and to prevent loss of hair, smallpox, old age, sunstroke and near-sightedness, and make our everlasting fortunes selling them to the temperance trade.”

⁠”That sounds to me very much like a cocktail,” said I.

⁠”So it is,” he replied. “But it’s just as much a medicine as Peruna, and not as bad a drink.

⁠Peruna, or, as its owner, Dr. S. B. Hartman [editor note: Mishler’s Herb Bitters fame], of Columbus, Ohio (once a physician in good standing), prefers to write it, Pe-ru-na, is at present the most prominent proprietary nostrum in the country. It has taken the place once held by Green’s Nervura and by Paine’s Celery Compound, and for the same reason which made them popular. The name of that reason is alcohol*. Peruna is a stimulant pure and simple, and it is the more dangerous in that it sails under the false colors of a benign purpose.

Read: Mishler’s Herb Bitters and the Mishler Family

⁠According to an authoritative statement given out in private circulation a few years ago by its proprietors, Peruna is a compound of seven drugs with cologne spirits. The formula, they assure me, has not been materially changed. None of the seven drugs is of any great potency. Their total is less than one-half of 1 per cent of the product. Medicinally they are too inconsiderable, in this proportion, to produce any effect. There remains to Peruna only water and cologne spirits, roughly in the proportion of three to one. Cologne spirits is the commercial term of alcohol.

What Peruna is Made of.

⁠Any one wishing to make Peruna for home consumption may do so by mixing half a pint of cologne spirits, 190 proof, with a pint and a half of water, adding thereto a little cubebs for flavor and a little burned sugar for color. Manufactured in bulk, so a former Peruna agent estimates, its cost, including bottle and wrapper, is between fifteen and eighteen cents a bottle. Its price is $1.00. Because of this handsome margin of profit, and by way of making hay in the stolen sunshine of Peruna advertising, many imitations have sprung up to harrass the proprietors of the alcohol-and-water product. Pe-ru-vi-na, P-ru-na, Purina, Anurep (an obvious inversion); these, bottled and labeled to resemble Peruna, are self-confessed imitations. From what the Peruna people tell me, I gather that they are dangerous and damnable frauds, and that they cure nothing.

⁠What does Peruna cure? Catarrh. That is the modest claim for it; nothing but catarrh. To be sure, a careful study of its literature will suggest its value as a tonic and a preventative of lassitude. But its reputation rests on catarrh. What is catarrh? Whatever ails you. No matter what you’ve got, you will be not only enabled, but compelled, after reading Dr. Hartman’s Peruna book, “The Ills of Life,” to diagnose your illness as catarrh and to realize that Peruna alone will save you. Pneumonia is catarrh of the lungs; so is consumption. Dyspepsia is catarrh of the stomach. Enteritis is catarrh of the intestines. Appendicitis – surgeons, please note before operating – is catarrh of the appendix. Bright’s disease is catarrh of the kidneys. Heart disease is catarrh of the heart. Canker sores are catarrh of the mouth. Measles is, perhaps, catarrh of the skin, since “a teaspoon of Peruna thrice daily or oftener is an effectual cure“.

Similarly, malaria, one may guess, is catarrh of the mosquito that bit you. Other disease not specifically placed in the catarrhal class, but yielding to Peruna (in the book), are colic, mumps, convulsions, neuralgia, women’s complaints and rheumatism. Yet “Peruna is not a cure-all,” virtuously disclaims Dr. Hartman, and grasps at a golden opportunity by advertising his nostrum as a preventative against yellow fever! That alcohol and water, with a little coloring matter and one-half of 1 per cent. of mild drugs, will cure all or any of the ills listed above is too ridiculous to need refutation. Nor does Dr. Hartman himself personally make the claim for his product. He stated to me specifically and repeatedly that no drug or combination of drugs, with the possible exception of quinin for malaria, will cure disease. His claim is that the belief of the patient in Peruna, fostered as it is by the printed testimony, and aided by the “gentle stimulation,” produces good results. It is well established that in certain classes of disease the opposite is true. A considerable proportion of tuberculosis cases show a history of the Peruna type of medicine taken in the early stages, with the result of diminishing the patient’s resistant power, and much of the typhoid in the middle west is complicated by the victim’s “keeping up” on the stimulus long after he should have been under a doctor’s care. But it is not as a fraud on the sick alone that Peruna is baneful, but as the maker of drunkards also.

⁠”It can be used any length of time without acquiring a drug habit,” declares the Peruna book, and therein, I regret to say, lies specifically and directly. The lie is ingeniously back up by Dr. Hartman’s argument that “nobody could get drunk on the prescribed doses of Peruna.”

⁠Perhaps this is true, though I note three wineglassfuls in forty-five minutes as a prescription, which might temporarily alter a prohibitionist’s outlook on life. But what makes Peruna profitable to the maker and a curse to the community at large is the fact that the minimum dose first ceases to satisfy, then the moderate dose, and finally the maximum dose; and the unsuspecting patron, who began with it as a medicine, goes on to use it as a beverage, and finally to be enslaved by it as a habit. A well-known authority on drug addictions writes me:

⁠”A number of physicians have called my attention to the use of Peruna, both preceding and following alcohol and drug addictions. Lydia Pinkham’s Compound is another dangerous drug used largely by drinkers; Pain’s Celery Compound also. I have in the last two years met four cases of persons who drank Peruna in large quantities to intoxication. This was given to them originally as a tonic. They were treated under my care as simple alcoholics.”

The Government Forbids the Sale of Peruna to Indians

⁠Expert opinion on the non-medical side is represented in the government order to the Indian Department, reproduced on the following page, the kernel of which is this:

⁠”In connection with this investigation, please give particular attention

⁠*Dr. Ashbel P. Grinnell of New York City, who has made a statistical study of patent medicines, asserts as a provable fact that more alcohol is consumed in this country in patent medicines than is dispensed in a legal way by licensed liquor venders, barring the sale of ales and beer.

PE-RU-NA advertising booklet – eBay

PE-RU-NA advertising booklet – eBay

PE-RU-NA pocket mirror graphics – Wm Morford Auctions

Two multi-story PE-RU-NA advertisements on the building facade – Shorpy Historic Picture Archive

Two PE-RU-NA advertisement trade cards

Posted in Advertising, Article Publications, Bitters, History, Medicines & Cures, Publications, Scams & Frauds | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

TO-NI-TA – Dr. Lorentz’s Mucous Membrane Bitters

TO-NI-TA – Dr. Lorentz’s Mucous Membrane Bitters

07 October 2018

I found some neat newspaper advertising for TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’s Mucous Membrane Bitters that made me pause and want to know what To-Ni-Ta means. Best I can figure is a play on the words “Tonight” and “Tonic”. The byline in advertising says, “A gentle, invigorating tonic or stimulant for body, brain and nerve.”

TO-NI-TA, is a scientific combination of the vital principles of the most powerful healing herbs known to medicine, and is guaranteed to contain no opiates or dangerous drugs of any kind. It has been analyzed and tested by the most eminent chemists and doctors throughout the world, all of whom have come to one decision, that “TO-NI-TA” is the most wonderful medicinal discovery of modern times.

This is a super late bitters bottle that usually is not represented in bottle collections. I have a sample size and a wooden box. I do not have the large example. Shouldn’t be too hard to find.

The Fuller Building, known as the ‘Flatiron’ Building, in New York City. It was designed in 1902 by Daniel Burnham. – Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Dr. Lorentz’s Mucous Membrane Bitters was put out by the Lorentz Medical Company in New York City from 1903 to 1905. The company was located in the architecturally significant Flatiron Building that sits on a triangular block formed by Fifth Avenue, Broadway and East 22nd Street. Definitely worth visiting if you are in Manhattan. Joseph B. Vandergritt was President and they had $100,000 in Capital in 1904.

The company said they would provide the bitters formula to any doctor for distribution which is kind of odd. Each bottle cost a $1.00, was 26% alcohol and included Dr. Lorentz’s treatise on cattarrh called “The Beautiful Story of Life.” Advertising said you could mail in and get a sample bottle as 50,000 were ordered and available. I need to find an example of the treatise as I do not know who Dr. Lorentz was. He was certainly a German.

Their advertising target groups seems to cover a broad area as they marketed to prominent  men and women, society girls, prominent Bostonians, Germans, teens, seventy-five year olds, citizens of Richmond, choirmasters and organists, polar bear trainers etc. The list goes on.

By 1906, the company had dissolved. Probably not a good idea to give away your formula, 50,000 free sample bottles, a treatise to each who asks, have high rent space and run countless ads in newspapers. Of course, the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was the big gorilla in the room. The true end of the bitters era.

The Carlyn Ring and W.C. Ham listing in Bitters Bottles is as follows:

T 44  To-ni-ta Mucous Membrane Bitters
L…To-ni-ta Mucous Membrane Bitters
// s// TRADE “TO-NI-TA” MARK / LORENTZ MED. CO. // c //
The Lorentz Medical Co., New York
9 3/4 x. 2 7/8 (6 1/2)
Round, Amber, STC
Label: A gentle, invigorating tonic or stimulant for body, brain and nerve. Reverse of labels same in German.

T 45. To-ni-ta Mucous Membrane Bitters (above)
L…To-ni-ta Mucous Membrane Bitters
// s // TRADE “TO-NI-TA” MARK // LORENTZ MED. CO. // c //
3 7/8 x 1 1/4 (2 5/8)
Round, Amber

Advertisement: Prominent Women Cured by TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’t Mucous Membrane Bitters, Lorentz Medical Co., New York – The Boston Globe, Sunday, November 8, 1903

Advertisement: Painful Periods Cured by TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’t Mucous Membrane Bitters, Lorentz Medical Co., New York – Boston Post, Tuesday, November 17, 1903

Advertisement: Prominent Bostonians Cured by TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’t Mucous Membrane Bitters, Lorentz Medical Co., New York – The Boston Globe, Wednesday, December 9, 1903

Advertisement: Seventy-Fivge Years Old, Catarrh of Bowels Cured by TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’t Mucous Membrane Bitters, Lorentz Medical Co., New York – The Boston Globe, Sunday, February 14, 1904

Advertisement: Richmond Citizens Rejoice at the Mighty Healy Power of  TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’t Mucous Membrane Bitters, Lorentz Medical Co., New York – The Times Dispatch, Saturday, April 9, 1904

Advertisement: Society Girl Cured by TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’t Mucous Membrane Bitters, Lorentz Medical Co., New York – The Morning News, Thursday, April 14, 1904

Advertisement: Catarrrh of Stomach Cured by TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’t Great Mucous Membrane Bitters, Lorentz Medical Co., New York – The Charlotte Observer, Thursday, January 26, 1905

Select Listings:

1903: Advertisement (above): Painful Periods Cured by TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’t Mucous Membrane Bitters, Lorentz Medical Co., New York – Boston Post, Tuesday, November 17, 1903
1904: Lorentz Medical Co. (N.Y.) (Joseph B. Vandergritt, Pres.; Samuel S. Hinds. Sec.; Frank E. Parrott, Treas. Capital, $100,000. Directors: Joseph B. Vandergritt. Samuel S. Hinds, Frank E. Parrott) 04′.) B’way – Polk’s (Trow’s) New York Copartnership and Corporation Directory
1904: Advertisement (above): Society Girl Cured by TO-NI-TA, Dr. Lorentz’t Mucous Membrane Bitters, Lorentz Medical Co., New York – The Morning News, Thursday, April 14, 1904
1906: Lorentz Medical Co. (dissolved), 452 5th Avenue – The Trow (formerly Wilson’s) Copartnership and Corporation Directory of New York City
Posted in Advertising, Bitters, Ephemera, History, Medicines & Cures, Miniatures, Remedy, Tonics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Dr. Frank’s Laxative Tonic Bitters

Dr. Frank’s Laxitive Tonic Bitters

If it looks like a duck, swims like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it probably is a duck.

01 October 2018

Now here is a cool bitters bottle that up until now, I had never seen before. As coincidences go, I’m seeing two examples this past week. The first was auctioned off earlier in the week in Glass Works Auctions | Auction #124 which is pictured below. The second, pictured above, was on a dealer table at the Mississippi Gulf Coast Bottle Show happening this past weekend. Tom Lines from Alabama sent me a picture.

There is absolutely nothing I can find online except a surprising number of people named Frank Bitters. One clue might be is that an example was found in an old city dump in Mobile, Alabama. With that, I see a few doctors and grocers in Mobile but nothing solid enough to add to this post. No labeled examples. No advertising.

A no-nonsense bitters bottle that looks like a liquor bottle from a northeastern city, it epitomizes the bitters genre as proprietors would often stick a “Dr.” in front of the name to make it look like a medicine and to get around tax laws. Uh, this is a liquor bottle meant to be sold in liquor stores and saloons, to men. If it looks like a duck, swims like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it probably is a duck. They even spelled Laxative wrong!

The Carlyn Ring and W.C. Ham listing in Bitters Bottles is as follows:

DR. FRANK’S ( au ) / LAXITIVE TONIC / BITTERS // c // // b // 502
6 1/2 x 3 1/4 x 1 1/4 (4 1/4)
Oval, Amber, LTC, Tooled lip, Extremely rare
Note: Spelling of word Laxative. Found in an old city dump in Mobile, Alabama

270. “DR. FRANK’S LAXITIVE TONIC / BITTERS”, (Ring/Ham, F-78), American, ca. 1885 – 1895, amber pocket flask, 6 3/4”h, smooth base, tooled lip. Several patches of light stain are on the front, but no form of damage. Extremely rare, the last one sold in 1997! Note the misspelling of the word Laxative. Larry Umbreit Collection. Winning Bid: $ 550 (12 Bids) Estimate: $ 275 – $ 375 – Glass Works Auctions | Auction #124

Low Possibilities:

1890: Dr. Frank, Physician And Herb Sanitarium, Residence Year: 1890, 238 South Market, residence same, San Jose, Santa Clara, California – San Jose, California, City Directory, 1890
1890: Dr. C A Frank,Physician, Arrival date: 8 Nov 1890, Birth Date: abt 1858, Age: 32, Gender: Male, Ethnicity/ Nationality: American, Place of Origin: United States of America, Port of Departure: St. Kitts, Port of Arrival: New York, New York, Ship Name: Pennland – New York, Passenger and Crew Lists
1890: Dr. Louis Frank, Arrival date: 29 Jul 1890, Birth Date: abt 1838, Age: 52, Gender: Male, Ethnicity/ Nationality: American, Place of Origin: United States of America, Port of Departure: Bremen, Germany and Southampton, England, Destination: United States of America, Port of Arrival: New York, New York, Ship Name: Kaiser Wilhelm II – New York, Passenger and Crew Lists
1890: Death: Dr Levi Frank, Birth Date: 1826, Birth Place: Indiana, United States, Death Date: 26 Sep 1890, Death Place: Andrew County, Missouri, Cemetery: Fairview Christian Cemetery, Burial or Cremation Place: Rosendale, Andrew County, Missouri
1890: Dr. Frank, Estimated Age: 20, Birth Year: abt 1890, Yearbook Date: 1910, School: Drexel University College of Medicine, School Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA – School Yearbook
Posted in Bitters, liquor, Liquor Merchant, Medicines & Cures, Questions, Tonics | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Loranger Globe Bitters – What is your Story?

A. Loranger Globe Bitters – What is your Story?

25 September 2018 (R•092618) (R•092718) (R•100518)

I received an email and pictures this morning from John Throop. “Hi Ferd – was happy to find this Loranger Globe Bitters jug on eBay for a reasonable price. Do you happen to know where this is from or any other info? Thanks!”

A. Loranger & Co. Detroit and Sherwood Brothers of New Brighton, Pennsylvania or most likely Fulper Pottery Company of Flemington, New Jersey

I posted the above pictures on PRG Facebook and stoneware authority Steve Ketcham felt like it might be the work of the Sherwood Brothers of New Brighton, Pennsylvania. Some quick searching online takes me to a fine article called Sherwood Brothers: Under the Radar by whiskey authority Jack Sullivan.

About 1879, the Sherwood brothers, G.W. and W.D., founded their pottery. By 1895 they were employing as many as 140 workers and had the capacity to produce two railroad carloads of pottery per day. Their success extended into the 20th Century.

As far as the jug is concerned, Larry Throop (Johns Uncle) states the following:

I have seen many of this style and they are a Sherwood Bros. product. Sherwood Bros. were probably the biggest competitor to Red Wing and Western in the Midwest. It is possible that this was made at the end of this bitters company’s reign but most of this style of jug is a little later (1900 – 1920). White glazes were just coming on the market in about 1895, however Sherwood Bros were one of the first to use it in the US. The first production white glazes made by the pottery companies still had coatings on the interior of the pieces with Albany slip as they didn’t know if the contents would leach through the white zinc glaze. They had to pour the glaze into the piece and swirl it around and then dump it out before firing the piece. Once they realized the zinc glaze sealed well (which was about 1900), they stopped coating the inside with Albany slip as this saved one extra step in the manufacturing process. They just dipped the whole thing in the zinc glaze then a second glaze dip to get the Albany on the outside. This jug would have been a relatively expensive piece for the merchant because it demanded so many steps to complete plus the gold lettering. This gold lettering was generally just painted on the jug once it was fired, so you see a lot of this style with the lettering worn away.

Further correspondence with Jack Sullivan:

Dear Ferd: Thanks for letting me know about the Loranger Globe Bitters. Had not seen that particular jug before. Unfortunately it is not from Sherwood Bros. of New Brighton PA, though they made many nifty jugs. This one is from Fulper of Flemington, New Jersey. I am including my article on Fulper below so you can send it to your correspondent. I had a fair sized collection of Fulpers years ago and sold most to the couple starting a Fulper museum in Flemington. Unfortunately they were unable to keep it open financially. I still keep a list of all known Fulper jugs that I send out on request and will be happy to send it to you if you wish. Will add the Loranger to it right away as this is the first Fulper bitters bottle I have ever seen. All the best to you and Elizabeth.  Jack

Read: Fulper’s of Flemington

Ferd: In one of those amazing coincidences that come around once in a while, last evening I got a call from Adam Koch of the Ohio Bottle Club. He had been contacted about a bottle from someone who had found it in Arizona and Adam called me for an identification. It advertised Courtland Club Whiskey made in Toledo (my old home town). I knew quite a bit about the company and had even written a piece on the outfit. When he sent me a photo at once I could see it was a Sherwood Brothers bottle, though it lacks an identifying mark. Am sending it along (below) to you so you can see the difference between Sherwood and Fulper whiskeys. Quite a contrast. All the best. Jack

A. Loranger & Company

The bitters seems to be unlisted. I am first getting some quick hits for Amos Loranger who was a grocer in Detroit in 1870 and an A. (Arthur) Loranger & Co. (manufacturing chemists) in the late 1890s, also in Detroit. So possibly Arthur Loranger ordered his stoneware bottles for his bitters from the Sherwood Brothers. Detroit is only about 180 miles northwest of New Brighton. With the new information posted above, the jugs would have come from Fulper Pottery Company of Flemington, New Jersey, quite a distance further.

We first see Arthur Loranger as a clerk in Detroit, Michigan in 1874. By 1877, he is in business with his brother Fred in Bay City as Loranger Brothers, wholesale druggists. They are also partners in L. Fournier & Company in Grayling which was a dealer in drugs and druggist supplies.

They next, in 1877, purchase the business of Globe Extract Works on Jefferson Avenue and move into the business of manufacturing perfumes, flavoring extracts, baking powder and druggists supplies. Here is where the name Globe Tonic Bitters comes from. The firm name is changed A. Loranger & Company. Their building was described as being four stories tall and with a basement. A notice said that they were going to extensively renovate their building and put in an elevator to accommodate plans for an expansion. An advertisement in 1879 states that the firm is the manufacturers of Lorangers Liniment and Liver Pills.

In 1888 and 1889 advertisements and other listings, we see that the firm of A. Loranger & Company were listed as manufacturing chemists and wholesale dealers in baking powders, mustards and spices. They were still addressed at 222 and 224 Jefferson Avenue in Detroit and had a laboratory in Windsor which is west of Detroit in the center of Michigan. The laboratory burnt down in 1890. They went out of business in late 1889 and 1890.

Thanks to Corey Stock for support information on Loranger.

Select Listings:

1870: Amos J. Loranger, grocer, 797 Fort w h same – Detroit Michigan City Directory
1874: Arthur Loranger, clerk, bds 251 16th – Detroit Michigan City Directory
1877: Notice (below): A. Loranger & Company announcement of purchase of Globe Extract WorksCrawford Avalanche (Grayling, Michigan), November 24, 1877

1879: A. Loranger & Company advertisement (below) – Crawford Avalanche (Grayling, Michigan), June 18, 1879

1886 – Arthur Loranger, Druggist, 216 3d – Bay City Michigan City Directory
1887: Loranger Brothers (Arthur & Fred C. Loranger), druggists, 216 3rd – Bay City Michigan City Directory
1888-1889: A. Loranger & Co. (Arthur Loranger pres, H. Raoul Loranger sec & tres), Manufacturing Chemists, 224 Jefferson Avenue, Tel. 1081 – Detroit Michigan City Directory, 1888 & 1889
1889: Newspaper Notice (below): A. Loranger & Co. Hopes to Go In Business – Detroit Free Press, Tuesday, October 8, 1889

1889:  Newspaper Notice (below): Assignee’s Sale A. Loranger & Co. wants to sell entire stock – Detroit Free Press, Tuesday, October 29, 1889

1890: Windsor, Michigan Newspaper Notice (below): Loranger & Company space consumed by flamesDetroit Free Press, Thursday, May 8, 1890

1890-1891: Arthur Loranger, h 51 Lewis, – Detroit Michigan City Directory
1891: Newspaper Notice (below): Loranger & Company insolventDetroit Free Press, Thursday, June 11, 1891

Posted in Bitters, Druggist & Drugstore, eBay, History, Liquor Merchant, Medicines & Cures, Perfume, Questions, Scents, Stoneware | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Dr. Michael Cox’s Bitters – Pittsburgh

Dr. Michael Cox’s Bitters – Pittsburgh

H. Obernauer & Company

23 September 2018

I’d forgotten about my Dr. Michael Cox’s Bitters with the three embossed cocks until somebody posted a picture of an example on PRG Facebook the other day. What a cool bottle. I always thought it was from New Orleans around 1885 but it is really from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and a really late, tooled lip bottle. So late, the proprietor Herman Obernauer could have people place orders for his bitters by phone!

According to Bitters Bottles, the label reads, “Dr. Michael Cox’s Brand Stomach Bitters, H. Obernauer, Pittsburgh” and pictures three fighting cocks. Need to find a labeled example. I suppose the cocks are a graphics representation of the name Cox. Don’t know who Dr. Cox was of if he really existed.

Hermann Obernauer was born in Württemberg, in southern Germany in 1856 and spent his late teens and early twenties traveling throughout Europe as a salesman. He came to America in 1880 and settled in Pittsburgh.

Mr. Obernauer (pictured left) was a life-long liquor man nesting in Pittsburgh. We first see him running a saloon in 1884 on 395 Fifth Avenue. In 1886, H. Obernauer & Co. is listed as Wholesale Liquor Dealers at the same 395 Fifth Avenue address. Eventually this address morphs into 400 Fifth Avenue in the 1890s where Mr. Obernauer continues to sell whiskey and wine both wholesale and retail. He was also listed as a distiller. You can see an H. Obernauer & Co. shot glass on the left from the Pre-Pro Whiskey web site.

You can also see a neat picture taken in May 1911 of his liquor establishment at the corner of Fifth and Stevenson below. He adorned the sides of the building with painted whiskey bottle graphics for Berthana Medicated Wine, Belle of Pittsburg Whiskey and H.O. Brown Gin, the latter two being patented products from the distillery he operated. If you look closely, you can see his stacked bottles on display in his storefront windows.

Read: 1400 Fifth (1892-1915): Herman Obernauer & Co.

In May of 1902, we see the first advertisements for Dr. Michael Cox’s Bitters as a cure for stomach and kidney problems. The same ads appear in 1903 with a telephone number. H. Obernauer & Co. were listed as Sole Agents and said the bitters were available at all druggists and saloons. This surprises me a little bit as I thought the product was on the street in the late 1800s. Usually when you have a signature brand, you advertise the first opportunity you get. Obernauer sold his business in 1915 – several years before the enactment of Prohibition – and spent the rest of his career in real estate.

Hermann Obernauer was a member of the Rodef Shalom Congregation 66 years and founder often Beneficial Society of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County. He was also a member of Pittsburgh Lodge No. 11 of the Elks, William Tell Lodge No. 44 of the Odd Fellows, the B’nai B’rith and the fraternal, civic and welfare societies. Oberhauer would die on the evening of 09 Febuary 1947 after a brief illness. He was 91.

The Carlyn Ring and W.C. Ham listing in Bitters Bottles is as follows:

motif of three standing fighting cocks: two facing right and one facing left
/ DR. MICHAEL COX’S BITTERS // f // f // f //
L…Dr. Michael Cox’s Brand Stomach Bitters, H. Obernauer, Pittsburgh
10 1/4 x 2 3/4 (8 1/4) 1/4
Square, Amber, LTC, Tooled lip, Extremely rare
Label: Graphic label pictures three fighting cocks.

Dr. Michael Cox’s Bitters – Pittsburgh – Meyer Collection

H. Obernauer Billhead (circa 1900) – H. Obernauer & Company, Obernauer Family Papers and Photographs, Rauh Jewish Archives at the Heinz History Center

H. Obernauer & Company located at the corner of Fifth and Stevenson. See enlarged picture below. – The Obernauer Family – Rauh Jewish Archives

H. Obernauer & Company located at the corner of Fifth and Stevenson. See full picture above. – The Obernauer Family – Rauh Jewish Archives

Select Listings:

1856: Hermann Obernauer was born in Württemberg, in southern Germany in 1856.
1876: Herman Obernauer was discharged from military duty in his native Germany on 22 July 1876. – The Obernauer Family – Rauh Jewish Archives
1880: Hermann Obernauer settles in Pittsburgh.
1884: H. Obernauer, Saloon, 395 Fifth Avenue (Daniel Obermeier, Saloon, 91 Sixth Avenue) – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1887
1885: Herman Obernauer became an American citizen on 19 December 1885. – The Obernauer Family – Rauh Jewish Archives
1886: H. Obernauer & Co., Wholesale Liquor Dealers (H. Obernauer), 395 Fifth Avenue (Dan Obermeier Liquor, 383 Beaver Avenue) – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1887
1887: H. Obernauer & Co., Wholesale Liquor Dealers (H. Obernauer) (Daniel Obermeier Clerk), 395 Fifth Avenue – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1887
1888: H. Obernauer, Liquors, 395 Fifth Avenue – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1888
1889: Notice (below): Obernauer & Co. Moving Back From Ohio to Pittsburgh – Pittsburgh Dispatch, Saturday, June 29, 1889

1892: H. Obernauer & Co., Wholesale Liquors, 400 Fifth Avenue – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1892
1893: Ad for H. Obernauer & Co., 400 Fifth Avenue – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1888

1894: Notice (below) H. Obernauer to have their bottles registered – The Pittsburgh Press, Monday, July 16, 1894

1895: Personal Notice H. Obernauer to give away free bottle of wine or liquor – The Pittsburgh Press, Sunday, June 30 1895

1895: Ad (below) A Teaspoonful Prescribed for H. Obernauer & Co.The Pittsburgh Press, Friday, December 27, 1895

1898: Notice (below) Practical Patriotism, H. Obernauer & Co. Gives Money – Pittsburgh Post Gazette, Thursday, June 23, 1898

1899-1900: H. Obernauer & Co., 1400 5th Ave – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1899
1902: Ad (below) for Obernauer & Co. sole agents for Dr. Michael Cox’s Bitters – The Pittsburgh Press, Saturday, June 28, 1902

1902: Ad (below) for Obernauer & Co. sole agents for Dr. Michael Cox’s Stomach Bitters – The Pittsburgh Press, Sunday, Febuary 15, 1903

1907: Herman Obernauer patent and trademarks for various products related to his liquor trade on 05 February 1907. The Obernauer Family – Rauh Jewish Archives
1908: H. Obernauer & Co. Liquors, 1400 5th Ave., Bell phone Grant 1958 – Pittsburgh Directory, R.L. Polk & Company, 1908
1909-1910: H. Obernauer & Co. (Harry Obernauer), Liquors, 1400 5th Ave – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1909
1940: Hermann Obernauer, Age 84, born abt 1856, Birthplace Germany, Home in 1940: 515 Pittsburgh, Allegheny, Pennsylvania, Also Harold Obernauer 53 – United States Federal Census
1947: Herman Obernauer death notice. – The Pittsburgh Press, Monday, February 10, 1947

Posted in Advertising, Bitters, History, liquor, Liquor Merchant, Medicines & Cures, Spirits | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment