Kaufman’s Celebrated Blue Jacket Bitters – Indianapolis
28 December 2014
While working on the post for the Dr. B. H. Kauffman Stomach Bitters from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, I checked the Joe Gourd collection inventory list to see if Joe was holding any paper ephemera for the brand. I doubted it as the bottle was very old and extremely rare. Advertising trade cards came later in most cases. What I did see was that he possessed other bitters material for other Kaufman brands. Note the spelling differences, “Kaufman” vs. “Kauffman” vs “Kaufmann”. The first files Joe provided were for Kaufman’s Celebrated Blue Jacket Bitters, which we will look at now. The second set was for Dr. Kaufmann’s Sulfur Bitters. Note yet another spelling for “Kaufmann”.
Well, as said, Joe has obliged and has sent in some fine advertising material for both brands. The two images (front and back) of the Blue Jacket Bitters trade card used in this post are from his collection. The Sulphur Bitters post will probably be tomorrow.
Looking at the back of the Kaufman’s Celebrated Blue Jacket Bitters advertising trade card above, we see the names Moses Kaufman and Charles Kaufman doing business as M. Kaufman & Brother at 42 Louisiana Street in Indianapolis, Indiana. Seems like we were in Indianapolis earlier in the week. Read: What was peened out of the Apple Brandy Bitters? The front of the card has a great illustration of a union soldier standing with his rifle. On the front of the card, there is a mysterious signature in red that looks to read, “C. A. Freeman” or something to the effect. What is that all about? There is also a reference for Dr. Kaufman’s World’s Premium Bitters on the reverse of the card. Is this the same or a different bitters?
K 16.5 KAUFMAN’S CELEBRATED BLUE JACKET BITTERS (Bitters Bottles Supplement)
M. Kaufman & Brother, 42 Louisiana Street, Indianapolis, Ind.
Dr. Kaufman’s World Premium Bitters
Possibly a label for K 17 Dr. Kaufman’s World Premium Bitters
The K 16.5 listing above from Bitters Bottles Supplement is obviously for the subject Joe Gourd trade card.
K 15.5 KAUFMAN’S BITTERS (Bitters Bottles)
Charles Kaufman, Wholesale dealer in liquors, 23 W. Maryland Street
Indiana Daily Commercial, January 19, 1871
The K. 15.5 listing above from Bitters Bottles is a surprise. Here we have a similar product reference in Indianapolis in 1871 by Charles Kaufman. Remember, there is a Charles Kaufman listed on the back of the trade card. One of the brothers, a father or son?
K 16 KAUFMAN’S / CELEBRATED // sp // ANTI CHOLERA / BITTERS // sp // // s // PATD // sp // 1865 // sp // (Bitters Bottles)
Prepared and sold by Solomon Kaufman. Liquor dealer, Indianapolis, Indiana
9 7/8 x 2 3/4 (7)
Square semi cabin, Amber, LTC, Applied mouth, 4 sp, Extremely rare
The K 16 listing above from Bitters Bottles is another big surprise as we have a great bottle that I have never even seen a picture of by Solomon Kaufman in Indianapolis. Solomon Kaufman is a new name in the mix.
K 17 KAUFMAN’S // WORLD / PREMIUM // BITTERS // f // (Bitters Bottles)
9 1/2 x 2 3/4 (7 1/2) 5/8
Square, Amber, LTC, Applied mouth, Extremely rare
Wow, another surprise. The K 17 listing above from Bitters Bottles pretty much proves that the Kaufman Blue Jacket Bitters and the Kaufman World Premium Bitters are different products.
M. Kaufman & Brother
Moses Kaufman and Charles Kaufman, doing business as M. Kaufman and Brother, were wholesale dealers and importers of wines, liquors, bourbon and rye whiskey’s along with just about every other type of spirit. They also were the proprietors of the K 16.5, Kaufman’s Celebrated Blue Jacket Bitters and K.17, Kaufman’s World Premium Bitters. These obviously are two different bitters. An example or two of the World Premium Bitters is known to exist. No example of the Blue Jacket Bitters is known. This very well could be an applied top square.
I found records that state that Moses was born in Affaltrach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany on 07 January 1834. He arrived in New York in 1853 on the Sea Queen from Le Havre, France, the ship voyage originating in Baden, Germany.
Moses and Charles Kaufman were only joined in business in 1869 in Indianapolis, Indiana so the trade card is much older than thought which is very interesting. The brothers addressed at 42 Louisiana Street, opposite the Union Depot. This was post Civil War but not by much so obviously they were capitalizing on sales to post Civil War America and Grand Army of the Republic veterans.
In 1870, Moses Kaufman is listed as a wholesale liquor dealer at the same 42 W. Louisiana Street address while Charles Kaufman is listed as a wholesale liquor dealer at 23 West Maryland Street in Indianapolis according to Polks Indianapolis Indiana City Directory. This is odd. Did the brothers not get along? In January 1871, Charles Kaufman is advertising his own Kaufman’s Bitters in the Indiana Daily Commercial newspaper. This would be the K 15.5 listing in Bitters Bottles. I suppose they could have been partners at different locations but something doesn’t feel right here.
Moses Kaufman dies at the age of 85 in Indianapolis on 30 October 1919. He sold liquors throughout the 1880s and was retired according to the 1890 Federal Census. It is not known what happened to Charles, his brother.
This post has some other very interesting Kaufman characters. Aaron and Solomon Kaufman were distillers in 1871. There was also a Simon Kaufman, who was also in the liquor business the same year. These guys had to all be related. Still trying to figure that out. The kingpin here seems to be Solomon. He is the one who put out the Kaufman’s Celebrated Anti-Cholera Bitters.
1834: Moses Kaufman born in Affaltrach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany on 07 January 1834
1839: Solomon Kaufman born in Kentucky.
1853: Moses Kaufman arrives on the Sea Queen as a passenger in New York from Le Havre, France originating in Baden, Germany
1860: Moses Kaufman, age 26, merchant, Pipe Creek, Madison, Indiana, wife Sarah, brother Charles 15, living with him – United States Federal Census
1863: Solomon Kaufman, tobacco and cigars, 81 E. Washington, bds 143 n Pennsylvania – Indianapolis Indiana City Directory
1865: Solomon Kaufman, liquors and bitters, commission merchant and tobacco dealer, 213 E. Washington, res Pennsylvania – Indianapolis Indiana City Directory
1866: Advertisement for Kaufman’s Celebrated Anti-Cholera Bitters, S. Kauffman & Co. Cincinnati Sole Proprietors – Fort Wayne Daily Gazette, Thursday, June 28, 1866
1867: Solomon Kaufman, bourbon & rye whiskey, grocer, 213 E. Washington – Indianapolis Indiana City Directory
1867-1868: Moses Kaufman, butcher shop, 267 n East, res same – Polks Indianapolis Indiana City Directory
1869: Kaufman & Bro. listing (see below) mentioning both Dr. Kaufman’s World Premium and Blue Jacket Bitters – Polks Indianapolis (Marion County, Ind.) City Directory 1869
1869: S. Kaufman & Co. (Solomon Kaufman and Jonus Fox), Importers and Dealers in Foreign and Domestic Liquors and Cigars, 31 Sycamore – Cincinnati, Ohio City Directory City Directory
1870: Moses Kaufman, wholesale liquor dealer, 42 W. Louisiana – Polks Indianapolis Indiana City Directory
1870: Charles Kaufman, wholesale liquor dealer, 23 West Maryland – Polks Indianapolis Indiana City Directory
1871: Various listings for Kaufman’s (Aaron, Solomon, Charles, Simon) in Indianapolis (see below) – Indianapolis Indiana City Directory
1870: Solomon Kaufman, age 31, wholesale liquor dealer, Indianapolis Ward 2, Marion, Indiana, wife Matie, son Charles 3 – United States Federal Census
1870: Moses Kaufman, age 37, wholesale liquor dealer, wife sara (sophia), 5 children, Indianapolis Ward 3, Marion County, Indiana – United States Federal Census
1872: Blue Jacket Bitters regarded as a dangerous medicine – The Cambridge City Tribune, Thursday, February 8, 1872
1880: Moses Kaufman, age 46, retail merchant, wife s, 6 children (Nettie, Annie, Nora, Hannah, Abraham, Pherla, Gertrude, Indianapolis Ward 3, Marion County, Indiana – United States Federal Census
1900: Moses Kaufman, age 66, retired, widowed, Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana – United States Federal Census
1919: Death Moses Kaufman, age 85, Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, 30 October 1919