King’s 25 Cent Bitters
“I say Hans, Now I’s got just what I vants.”
05 January 2014
I developed a post the other day on King’s Hop Bitters which reminded me of my aqua, King’s 25 Cent Bitters. I suspect there might be a marketing relationship between the English and United States ‘King’ brands. If not, we are talking about somebody with the last name ‘King’ in Rochester, New York around 1880. Sounds easy enough, right?
The Carlyn Ring and W.C. Ham listing in Bitters Bottles is as follows:
K 56 KINGS 25 CENT BITTERS
KING’S ( au ) / 25 / CENT / BITTERS // c //
L…King Bitters Co. Rochester, New York
6 3/4 x 3 x 1 1/2 (4 1/4)
Oval, Aqua, NSC, Applied mouth and Tooled lip, Rare
Elmira Weekly Gazette September 19, 1872, Drug Catelog: 1883 Schieffelin
What is a bit challenging here is finding out who this ‘King’ is. You would think that by looking at the trade cards there would be listings in various Rochester City Directories for a King Bitters Company. That is not the case. I looked at a dozen or so directories with no luck. I did come across the following passage that leads me to think we might be talking about Moses Bradford King.
King Family Papers – University of Rochester
The collection includes the personal papers and correspondence of the Bradford King family of Rochester. Among the papers are the diaries of Bradford King, the son of Gideon King who settled near Rochester in 1797. Bradford left this area after his father’s death in 1798, but returned many years later.
The diaries cover the period from June, 1811 to April, 1874. During some years the entries are scattered or very brief; in others the notes are voluminous. Included in the correspondence are four volumes of letters from Bradford King to his brother Moses King. Also in the collection are the diaries and personal papers of Moses Bradford King, son of Bradford King, who was a prominent Rochester druggist. Moses Bradford King wrote and published a pamphlet which advocated changes in the calendar for the twentieth century.
Much of the correspondence consists of letters written between the two daughters of Moses B. King, Ella G. King and Ada M. King. For a time Ella and Ada King operated the King Seminary for Young Ladies and Children in Rochester. When the school closed, Ella King went west and taught in an Indian school in South Dakota. Ada remained in Rochester where she tutored high school and college students. In 1944, at the age of 80, she enrolled for courses at the University of Rochester extension school, becoming the University’s oldest co-ed. She died at the age of 100 in 1964.
Now when I search for Moses B. King and Moses Bradford King I find similar listings in Rochester directories such as the listing below. I even find listing from 1861 -1863 where Moses is listed as a druggist (see timeline below)
I also come across a booklet mentioning a J. T. King & Co. in Rochester. Unfortunately, I can not tie these ‘Kings’ to the brand. Maybe some of the New York detectives can help here?
Select King Family Timeline Events
1797: Gideon King settled near Rochester in 1797. Bradford King was the son. Moses Bradford King was the son of Bradford King. Father born in Connecticut. Mother born in New York.
1798: Bradford and Moses King, Dr. Stone, ____ Graham, and four brothers by the name of Rowe, settled in the neighborhood. The country was very sickly, and many deaths occurred. Asa Rowe died soon after coming in and his brothers were so sick at the time as to be unable to go for help to lay him out and bury him until he had been dead twenty-four hours. After recovering from their sickness they returned to Oneida County. The first settlers procured their first boards by repairing the old Allan saw mill at the Falls, but within a few years Nathaniel Jones built a saw mill on a small stream that flows into the river near the Landing. Dr. Zacheus Colby and Dr. Sylvester Atchinson were early physicians in this town. The first marriage was that of Thomas Lee and a daughter of William Hencher.
1825: Moses Bradford King was born on 7 July 1825 in Nashville, Tennessee. He died in Rochester, New York.
1832: Rhoda Rosalie Stebbens (Solomon Johnson, Bethuel, Bethuel, Thomas, Samuel Wright, Thomas, Rowland, Thomas Francis, William, William) was born on 22 Dec 1832 in Bear Creek, NY. She died in Rochester, NY.
1855: Moses Bradford King, sophomore, University of Rochester
1860: Rhoda married Moses Bradford King, son of Bradford Kingsbury and Abigail Cook on 23 December 1860 in Watertown, New York. They had the following children: Ella Gertrude King (born on 6 November 1862 in Rochester, New York), Ada Maria King (born on 3 June 1864), George Garrie King (born on 20 October 1865 in Rochester), New York), Henry Russell King (born on 29 August 1867 in Rochester, New York). He died on 16 August 1886 in Rochester, New York.
1861: Moses B. King, druggist, 96 Buffalo, Rochester City Directory
1863-1864: B. King & Co., (Moses B. King), druggist, 96 Buffalo, Rochester City Directory
1868: Moses Bradford King listed but no occupation, Rochester City Directory
1873: Moses B. King, flavoring extracts, House Lake avenue near Rowe, 1873 Rochester, Rochester City Directory
1873: Hoyt, Gordon & Co., (T. C. Hoyt, M. J. Gordon, M. B. King), blueings, extracts, &c, 50 Exchange, Rochester City Directory
1874-1877: Gordon, Van Zandt & Co., (H. R. Gordon, I. W. Van Zandt, M. B. King), extracts, Exchange, Rochester City Directory