Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters – Pittsburgh

AllenHenleyART

Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters – Pittsburgh

16 March 2014 (R•031714)

HenleyCylinderFamily

Apple-Touch-IconAGlass Works Auctions, in their “Winter Be Gone” Catalog Auction 101, presently online, has a nice example of a Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The bottle reminds me of a Dr. Henley’s IXL Bitters. Yesterday I was laying out Part 2 of the Dr. Henley’s Royal Palm Gin article for Bottles and Extras and was again wondering why the bottles were so similar. The picture above, from the author, Steve Hubbell and Eric McGuire, will be featured. Anyway, I thought I would pull out my Dr. Allen’s example and see if I can find out who Dr. Allen was and if there was a relationship with Dr. Henley.

Anyway, I thought I would pull out my Dr. Allen’s example and see if I can find out who Dr. Allen was and if there was a relationship with Dr. Henley.

Bottle Similarities

Bitters collectors are aware of the the similarities between the Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters and the Dr. Henley’s IXL Bitters. The bottle shape, size, appearance and applied ring on the mouth are virtually the same. The typography is basically the same with many of the characters matching as you can see by comparing various detail images below. Portions of the embossed name are also arched and the bottle glass looks very similar. Notice the treatment of the word “DR” with the under bar beneath the ‘R’. The Dr. Allen’s bottle however, only comes in the pale aqua. The Henley’s bottles come in some of the most exciting colors imaginable.

A31_Detail

Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters Pittsburgh, Pa (A 31) – Meyer Collection

H83A_FSD

Dr. Henley’s California IXL Bitters in medium aqua (H 83) – Meyer Collection

H85_D

Dr. Henley’s Wild Grape Root IXL Bitters (H 85) – Meyer Collection

H83A_FDR

Dr. Henley’s California IXL Bitters in pale aqua (H 83) – Meyer Collection

HenleysWildGrapeGray

Dr. Henley’s Wild Grape Root IXL Bitters (H 85) – Ed & Kathy Gray

Eastern bottle authority Jeff Noordsy, quoting from his web site Jeff and Holly Noordsy, in a past sale of a Dr. Allen’s notes, “This rarely encountered Pittsburgh, PA bitters bottle is shaped very much like a Henley’s Wild Grape Root Bitters and I would be willing to hazard a guess that the two bottles were blown in the same Pittsburgh, PA glass house. With that said, the Allen’s is FAR less common than the Henley’s, with less than a handful of examples hitting the auction block over the past decade.”

According to western bitters authority Rick Simi, over at Western Bitters News, “One of the more popular bitters products of the western states, Dr. Henley’s Wild Grape Root IXL Bitters, was introduced to the public in 1868. L. Gross & Co. of San Francisco was the manufacturers and proprietors of Henley’s concoction of alcohol, wild grapes from Oregon and flavorings.” Rick further notes that Dr. Henley’s was a product of the Pacific Glass Works. In a stereoscopic view photo taken at the 1869 San Francisco Mechanics Institute Fair of their glassware exhibit, an example was identified by magnification, and was able to read a portion of the embossing on the bottle.

HenleyWildGrapeColors_Dale

Some fantastic colors for the Dr. Henley’s Wild Grape Root IXL Bitters – Mlasko Collection

PIRATES SAIL UNDER FALSE COLORS!

Notice that L. Gross & Co., manufacturers and sole proprietors were posting advertisements in San Francisco in 1869 (see below) warning of numerous imitators of the Dr. Henley’s Wild Grape Root IXL Bitters. “Pirates Sail Under False Colors!” I suppose this was prophetic as a mold maker in Pittsburgh would copy the bottle in a few short years.

HenleysWildGrape1869

Dr. Henley’s Wild Grape Root IXL Bitters notice – The Golden Era (San Francisco), 23 June 1869

Stephen Hubbell and Eric McGuire in their benchmark and comprehensive Dr. Henley’s Royal Palm Gin article, note the following, “The combination of relatively rapid and safe transport, as well as new capital, enabled the newly formed H. Epstein & Co to market Dr. Henley’s Wild Grape Bitters throughout the Western United States and even to Australia. At the same time, another product was made available specifically for consumers east of The Rockies (e.g. Midwest and South) called Dr. Henley’s California IXL Bitters. This new product was simply the original Wild Grape Bitters with a new name designed to appeal to a more Eastern market. To efficiently sell this product a new depot and manufacturing facility was set up in Chicago, Illinois under L. Gross & Co. with, of course, Louis Gross as head of the company.” Steve and Eric go on and say, “Louis Gross had used another Pittsburgh glass house to manufacture Dr. Henley’s California and Wild Grape Root IXL Bitters.”

Read More: Dr. Henley’s Wild Grape Root IXL Bitters ‘Showdown’

Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters

In Bitters Bottles by Carlyn Ring and W.C Ham, the listing for the Dr. Allen’s is as follows:

A 31  DR. ALLEN’S STOMACH BITTERS

DR. ALLEN’S ( au ) STOMACH BITTERS / PITTSBURGH / PA // c //
12 1/4 x 3 1/4 (6 7/8)
Round, Aqua, ARM, Applied mouth, Rare

AllensStomachBitters_GWA101

Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters – Pittsburgh – Glass Works Auctions

The listing in the Glass Works Auction (see their example above) reads as follows:

140. “DR. ALLEN’S / STOMACH BITTERS / PITTSBURGH / PA.”, (Ring/Ham, A-31), Pennsylvania, ca. 1870 – 1880, bluish aqua, 12 1/4”h, smooth base, applied ring mouth. A rare bitters in near perfect condition.

AllensABA51_F

Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters – Pittsburgh – Meyer Collection

Who is Dr. Allen?

This is where it gets a little tricky. Searching for the name ‘Allen’ in Pittsburgh around 1870 is problematic as the last name “Allen” was fairly common. Looking at various Pittsburgh directories including 1839, 1841, 1860, 1862, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1870, 1873, 1874, 1877, 1882 and 1887 reveal a few possible targets.

Ricketson & Allen, wholesale and retail grocers and dealers in oils and candles, c Liberty and St Clair and Wood b Front and Second. 1839 – 1841

William B. Allen, grocer, h & s cor Webster and Roberts, 1860 – 1873Directories of Pittsburg and Allegheny Cities

Robert L. Allen, produce and liquor merchant, 6 Wood, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania City Directory 1862 – 1865

Alexander Allen, Physician (and surgeon), Grant & Sherman, Millvale bor,  1887, student in 1870. Alexander Allen, tavern, 7 Penn, 1862, 1882: Alexander Allen, salesman, 58 Chatham 1873 – 1887Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania City Directory

William R. Allen, grocer, 287 Webster ave., 1874

A. T. Allen, grocer, 1879

Joseph Allen from Germany living in Pittsburgh (age 28), Saloon Keeper, 1880 United States Federal Census

Peter Allen from Germany living in Pittsburgh (age 29), Saloon1880 United States Federal Census

J. C. Allen, Merchant, from England living in Pittsburgh (age 50), 1880 United States Federal Census

William H. Allen, Analytical Chemist from Virginia living in Pittsburgh (age 20), 1880 United States Federal Census

Well, no smoking gun. I can only surmise that someone in Pittsburgh in the early 1870s (in earlier decades Pittsburgh was spelled Pittsburg by many), saw the Dr. Henley’s Wild Grape Root Bitters bottle and capitalized on the form and made the Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters. Probably for only a year or so. Was it William B. Allen the grocer? You didn’t have to be a doctor to create an illusion and story-name for a product. Was is Alexander Allen who was a physician and surgeon? He also worked in a tavern at one time. Was this his attempt to make some money on the side? Maybe they are related or it was someone else altogether? The ‘Allen’ web is complex. We’ll see if any of you readers have any more information.

About Ferdinand Meyer V

Ferdinand Meyer V is a native of Baltimore, Maryland and has a BFA in Fine Art and Graphic Design from the Kansas City Art Institute and School of Design. Ferdinand is the founding Principal of FMG Design, a nationally recognized design consultation firm. Ferdinand is a passionate collector of American historical glass specializing in bitters bottles, color runs and related classic figural bottles. He is married to Elizabeth Jane Meyer and lives in Houston, Texas with their daughter and three wonderful grandchildren. The Meyers are also very involved in Quarter Horses, antiques and early United States postage stamps. Ferdinand is the past 6-year President of the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors and is one of the founding members of the FOHBC Virtual Museum.
This entry was posted in Article Publications, Auction News, Bitters, Bottles and Extras, Collectors & Collections, Color Runs, Glass Companies & Works, History, Liquor Merchant, Medicines & Cures, Questions and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

1 Response to Dr. Allen’s Stomach Bitters – Pittsburgh

  1. Froggy says:

    I always find the shape & capacity of the Allens/Henleys of interest…in sharp contrast to most other Bitters bottles. Their base/ingredient of grapes(ref. “Wild grape root” in Henleys) probably explains it. Perhaps they were simply a WINE (BITTERS). Lots of other Bitters so-related, esp. those with “Catawba” in the name.

Leave a Reply