Canteen Bitters – John Hart & Co. – Lancaster PA

C34_CanteenBitters)

CANTEEN BITTERS

JOHN HART & CO. – LANCASTER PA

FOR ALL DISORDERS OF THE STOMACH

04 October 2013 (R•100915)

Scarcely a man was there who had not his canteen full; the most of the boys had already become inebriated, and were making an unwarrantable amount of noise. . . Before the close of that eventful day there may possibly have been ten sober men remaining in the regiment; but I doubt it.

The Pennsylvania Reserves at Manassas: A Drunken State of Mind

Apple-Touch-IconAI have not thought about my Canteen Bitters (pictured above) from Lancaster, Pennsylvania in a number of years. It was only when I started receiving e-mails and facebook prompts alerting me to a nice example showing up and eventually being put on sale on ebay, that I decided to do a post. What a great bottle and color.

Canteen is such an interesting name. John Hart & Co. put out this brand along with the rather well known, figural heart bottle (pictured below). I am kind of surprised he did not do a similar canteen figural bottle. He did have Trade-Mark 7111 – Bitters – filed by Hart & Myers, Lancaster, Pa. dated 11 March 1879 for “the figure of a canteen and the word-symbol ‘Canteen.’ I can not locate this art but I bet it is pretty cool.

Read: Historical Canteens – Canteen Figural Bottles

My Canteen Bitters example came from the Roger Long collection and prior to that, the Chris Batdorff collection. I actually made a trip up to Pennsylvania to see the Long collection prior to auction.CanteenExLongBatdorff

Likewise, a few Bucktails pried open a boxcar and discovered about a dozen bottles of whiskey that were intended for use by the Pennsylvania Reserves’ medical director. The story, unfortunately, had a less than happy ending. The Bucktails began to drink from other bottles in the stash. A soldier tried to warn his companions that what they were drinking was “no bitters at all,” but they continued to imbibe. The bottles actually contained laudanum, and two men died the next day from ingesting the bitter-tasting narcotic.

The Pennsylvania Reserves at Manassas: A Drunken State of Mind

The example on ebay was titled and described:

Ultra Rare Antique CANTEEN BITTERS bottle, John Hart & Co., Lancaster, PA, Deep Green. Estate Fresh from Lancaster, PA, Circa 1860’s to 1870’s, Size: 9 13/16″ tall, 3 3/8″ across the base, corner to corner, Great Color! Lockwood green, Smooth Base, Long Tapered Collar with a ring beneath, applied, Nice clean pressing, Retains an old, possibly original cork stopper, No cracks. Has a chip on the lip of the collar, about 1/4″ long, and 3/16″ wide; a small chip/bruise on the base approx 1/8″ X 1/8″. tje497 (99.5% Positive feedback)

Canteen_ebay

The Carlyn Ring and W.C. Ham listing in Bitters Bottles is as follows:

C 34  CANTEEN BITTERS
CANTEEN BITTERS / FOR ALL DISORDERS OF THE STOMACH //
JOHN HART & CO / LANCASTER PA // CANTEEN BITTERS /
FOR ALL DISORDERS OF THE STOMACH // f //
9 7/8 x 2 3/4 (7 1/4) 5/8
Square, Green, Blue-green, and Emerald green. LTCR, Applied mouth, Scarce
CanteenBitters_Green

John Hart & Co. Canteen Bitters, Lancaster, PA, Green Bottle that reads, “Canteen Bitters for all Disorders of the Stomach, John Hart & Co., Lancaster, PA.” 9 1/2 .” Condition: Very Fine. Ex: Nolt Collection – Conestoga Auctions

CanteenBitters_Amber

Very Rare John Hart & Co. Canteen Bitters, Lancaster, PA. Possibly unique Amber Bottle (Identical to Green Bottle) that reads, “Canteen Bitters for all Disorders of the Stomach. John Hart & Co., Lancaster, PA.” 9 1/2.” (Note: This RARE variety is the ONLY one known to date.) Condition: Fine. Ex: Nolt Collection – Conestoga Auctions

C34_CanteenBitters)

John Hart & Co. Canteen Bitters, Lancaster, PA., Ex: Roger Long collection and prior to that, the Chris Batdorff collection – Meyer Collection

John Hart

Most information supports John Hart being born in Pennsylvania about 1837 and being the son of immigrants from Baden, Germany. He was married to Elizabeth Atkinson. In the 1860 Federal Census, he was listed as a barber in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. An 1868 advertisement says Prof. John Hart. The 1870 census lists him as the “Manuf. of Hair Restorer.” An 1879-80 Lancaster Directory lists Hart (Professor of Elocution) as a manufacturer of Canteen Bitters and Neufeld’s Italian Balm (Francis L. Neufeld, Pastor). Address 111. S. Queen. During this period, his partner was Abraham A. Myers. I believe this bitters was only put out for a short duration of time, possibly only in 1879 and 1880. Very few examples are know. I suspect the Scarce rating may be a bit to wide.

HartListing1879

Hart listings in the 1879-80 Lancaster City Directory

CanteenBittersTradeMarkAppl

Canteen Bitters – Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office – 1879

Heart&MyersListing

Label registration for John Hart and Abraham A. Myers for Neufeld’s Italian Balm – 1877

NeufeldsItalianBalmAd

Neufeld’s Italian Balm advertisement – 1868

FATHER NEUFELD’S ITALIAN BALM

The Greatest Remedy in tbe World for CHOLERA MORBUS, DYSENTERY, DiARRHCEA, COLIC, STOMACH CRAMPS, RHEUMATISM, HEADACHE, NEURALGIA, TOOTHACHE. PAINS IN THE LIMBS, BRUISES, CUTS, SPRAINS, BURNS, SCALDS, Etc., Etc.

Rev. Francis L. Neufeld, M. D., the discoverer of this wonderful Remedy, is Pastor of St. Joseph’s Catholic Church, Lancaster City, Pa. He discovered the Italian Balm a number of years ago, but only manufactured it on a small scale for the use of his parishioners and neighbors. Its fame, however, spread with astonishing rapidity, and the demand for it be-came so pressing that Father Neufeld concluded to transfer it to the hands of a responsible person, who would present it to the public in a uniform manner, at a reasonable price.

To WHOM IT MAT CONCERN: This Is to Certify that I have this day transferred to Prof. John Hart all right, title and interest in the Balm originally prepared by me, and known as Neufeld’s Italian Balm. The Balm will be manufactured with the same care, and according to the original recipe. Prof. Hart having received from me personal instructions in its preparation.

FRANCIS L. NEUFELD

Lancaster, Pa., July 1st, 1868.

Ask for Neufeld’s Italian Balm, and take no other. If your druggist does not keep it, he will send and get it for you. All orders shall be addressed to:

JOHN HART & CO.

JohnHart&Co_Heart

John Hart & Co. Lancaster, Pa. amber heart shape bottle – Liveauctioneers.com

About Ferdinand Meyer V

Ferdinand Meyer V, President, Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, is a native of Baltimore, Maryland and has a BFA in Fine Art and Graphic Design from the Kansas City Art Institute and School of Design. Ferdinand is the founding Principal of FMG Design, a nationally recognized design consultation firm. Ferdinand is a passionate collector of American historical glass specializing in bitters bottles, color runs and related classic figural bottles. Ferdinand is married to Elizabeth Jane Meyer and lives in Houston, Texas with their daughter and three wonderful grandchildren. The Meyers are also very involved in Quarter Horses, antiques and early United States postage stamps.

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